Rock Hunting Near Yellowstone National Park: 16 Gorgeous Locations To Find Unique Treasures

Montana may be the “Treasure State,” but it’s important to note that not everywhere allows prospecting for gold or rockhounding in general, which includes the Yellowstone National Park or any State Park for that matter.

You could face charges!

However, we’ve found some places close enough where you can go rock hunting near Yellowstone National Park for free or a small fee without getting into trouble and have a whale of a time.

Where To Go Rock Hunting Near Yellowstone National Park


The information provided in this article by is for informational purposes and is subject to change. Laws are updated. Accessibility guidelines and restrictions change. Be sure to confirm the land status and collection rules before you travel to an unfamiliar location or collect any material.

Yellowstone River (Custer to Sydney) – Agates

Montana moss agates are extensive and can be found throughout the state.

The deposits encompass a wide area. However, they are not concentrated in any single location, which is a fascinating reality.

As a result, mining the stuff, as one would with gold and various gemstones, is difficult. A successful agate quest necessitates a significant duration spent scrutinizing and a thorough search.

The Yellowstone River Basin, which runs through eastern Montana, is the best place to begin your quest.

Moss agates are most commonly found along the Yellowstone River.

Along the river, the fertile region stretches for several hundred miles.

From Billings eastward, the most active stretch is found. Moss agates can be found all along the river, beginning in Custer all the way to Sydney.

Agates can also be found in the far east, as far as North Dakota, on rare occasions.

If you go agate hunting for some length of time, you’ll notice that there are numerous categories of moss agates.

Various colored materials can be found in multiple places, making every rock uncovered just as refreshing to discover as the previous ones!

Great Falls – Agate, Sapphire & More

Great Falls, Montana’s ideal location for art and exploration, provides a variety of rockhounding opportunities.

Great Falls is for someone who enjoys gazing at river rocks, discovering gems from agates to sapphires, and admiring beautiful stones.

Individuals can appreciate the expedition of rockhounding whether they prefer small rocks to place in their pocket or like the thrill of finding huge risks to show off to friends, neighbors and other rock hounds.

So many places are accessible throughout the vast Great Falls area where you can submerge yourself in gem mining near Yellowstone National Park. No matter where you go to rockhound, there is a treasure awaiting you.

Cascade/Winnet – Fossil

When rockhounding near west Yellowstone Park near the western end of the Missouri River, which lies to the south of Great Falls and just over the river from Cascade, that is where you will find Tempskya.

This is fossil wood that’s agatized.

Winnet is a small town east of Great Falls, an area where many rockhounds have discovered various fossils, including shark teeth.

Since most of the sections along the unbeaten paths haven’t faced much exploration, the eastern and northern regions have incredible possibilities for some amazing discoveries.

Montana Dinosaur Trail – Sapphire, Fossils & More

The Montana Dinosaur Trail is a great place to go rockhounding for fossils.

You can participate in rockhounding at Two Medicine in Bynum, where you can admire all the beautiful rocks and fossils uncovered at the Choteau Old Trail Museum.

While there, look out for drainage basins throughout the vicinity of the various rivers for the duration of your explorations.

You might just come upon a gorgeous rock, a fossil, or maybe a chunk of petrified wood at any given moment.

There are some ground rules, as in any hobby:

  • Check to see if rockhounding is permitted; in Montana, you may be on private property, so do your research and follow the rules!
  • Take care of the property as though it were your own, and leave it in the same condition as you found it.

Now that we’ve cleared the air, let’s look at some places within a short drive that you can visit.

Yellowstone is located on the borders of three states: Wyoming, Idaho, and Montana, all of which have plenty of public territories to go rock hunting near Yellowstone National Park.

There are also some lovely places to look for gold panning near Yellowstone National Park.

Don’t forget that you venture onto park lands, and it is a crime to remove anything you come upon. You can also go gem hunting in the region.

Beaverhead National Forest – Gold

Virginia City has grown to become a well-known tourist destination.

In the vicinity of southwest Montana, in the Beaverhead National Forest, there was once a flourishing gold mining camp. When you drive up the road today, you’ll see many miles of old dredge tailings and come upon a former dredge that’s still accessible.

From the lane, you can only see a small portion of the region that bears gold. Gold veins in Beaverhead’s tall peaks supplied these abundant gold deposits.

You’ll find gold in many of the waterways throughout this place.

You’ll want to avoid active mining declarations and actual mines; however, a courageous individual might hike into some isolated regions when gold panning near Yellowstone National Park in the numerous creeks.

The Kootenai National Forest – Gold

The Kootenai National Forest has a significant gold panning area known as Libby Creek.

This recreational gold panning region provides a free rock hunting experience.

It’s not as clear-cut when you go gold panning in the Bannack State Park area. You are just taking a chance to attempt gold panning by yourself without guidance.

When you enter the panning zone, only manual tools are permitted, so plan to leave the motorized ones behind.

Pans, barrels, shovels, and picks are examples of these devices you can take along. There is a camping area approximately one mile to the southern region of the panning area if you plan on staying the night.

Equip yourself with proper clothing, food, water, and digging supplies as there are nearly no facilities available.

There are both women’s and men’s outdoor restrooms in the vicinity, in addition to unpaved parking areas.

Alder Gulch – Gold

Alder Gulch is a fantastic place to go gold panning with friends or family. Demonstrations are available for those who want to learn a bit more before getting started.

They supply the soil, supplies, and containers for whatever gold you discover.

When you are ready to start hunting for gold, all you need to do is buy a pail of the loose material and start working your way through it.

Each container is estimated to take about an hour of fun work for up to four individuals.

Alder Gulch Gold is situated in Virginia City, Montana, and is open from the Memorial weekend holiday right to the Labor Day weekend.

From 10 in the morning to six in the evening, it remains available for everyone of all ages looking for a gold panning near Yellowstone National Park experience.

Gold Panning Adventures

Unlike other gold panning spots, Gold Panning Adventures needs an all-day effort.

The adventures are intended to instruct individuals who have never participated in gold panning near Yellowstone National Park or have only a tiny amount of experience.

The day begins with a lesson from a professional geologist.

The session provides instructions on how to handle all of the equipment. After that, the team gets hands-on experience. The session lasts about five hours and includes reservations in advance.

This experience teaches participants more than a typical gold panning trip, but it is very costly and needs a fifty percent deposit ten days in advance. In the vicinity of Helena, Montana, you’ll also come upon Gold Panning Adventures.

The Sapphire Gallery – Sapphire & More

Visitors to The Sapphire Gallery will buy a bag of rocks to check for sapphires and more when gem mining near Yellowstone National Park.

They set up space with the necessary equipment for adequately sifting through the stones in the satchel.

Any gems discovered by tourists can be analyzed in the shop to determine their value. Each bag will set you back 25 dollars. The Sapphire Gallery is situated in Philipsburg, Montana, and is open right through the year.

Bannack served as Montana’s first territorial capital. It is now a state park and one of the best-preserved ghost towns in the Western United States.

This town has a fascinating past and is a must-see for those interested in the Old West.

There are huge pans positioned for guest rockhounds to try panning on their own if they visit after midday throughout the summer.

Prospecting in every other part of the park is forbidden, so limit your panning efforts to the tubs.

Garnet Gallery/Red Rock Mine – Garnet, Ruby, and Corundum

Visitors to the mine and gallery have two mining choices.

They can purchase single pails to sift through, much like other gem mining sites.

They also have big tanks where tourists can pan for gold for an affordable price all day.

Regardless of which choice you choose, they have all of the necessary screening equipment. Both the mine and gallery are dedicated to garnet, ruby, and corundum exploration.

From the start of May to early October, they are open every day. Monday through Saturday, from 9:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m., and noon to 5:00 p.m. on Sunday. They’re in the town of Alder, Montana.

Philipsburg (Gem Mountain) – Sapphire

Most people associate sapphires with exotic locations such as mining regions in Asia when they think of gemstones.

You’d be surprised to know that there are some spectacular sapphires to be found in Montana!

Phillipsburg, for example, is one of these places. It is, however, a lengthy trip from Yellowstone, taking about 3 hours.

This is the sole chance for the general public to explore by digging for sapphires in the United States.

Several businesses allow tourists to look through mine gravel in search of the tiny gems.

Sapphires come in a variety of colors, ranging from transparent to light blue. Specialists will be accessible to look at your discoveries.

This mine lets tourists purchase sapphire gravel in buckets directly from the mine.

They sell buckets in a variety of sizes and at various prices. While Gem Mountain cannot assure every rock hound that they will discover sapphires, they claim that most visitors will find even one.

Scale, contour, shade, and condition of sapphires from buckets differ.

They have all of the devices and tools required to examine the sapphire gravel.

The Gem Mountain Sapphire Mine, situated in Philipsburg, Montana, is accessible every day from May to the end of September.

Crystal Park – Quartz Crystals

Crystal Park is a 3-hour drive northwest of Yellowstone National Park in the Pioneer Mountains.

This is a Forest Service station where tourists can search for quartz crystals. Quartz is clear, smoky, and purple varieties can be discovered at this location.

It is important to note that the dig area is at a high elevation, and access is only available during those seasons.

This is a great place to visit in the summer. However, it’s worth calling the Dillon Forest Service department to double-check that it’s open before you go.

Livingston – Petrified Wood

Petrified wood, whether in crystal or agate form, can be located in many of the nearby mountains and streams.

The Gallatin Petrified Forest, located toward the southside of Livingston in the Tom Miner Basin, is a fantastic day trip.

Since a lot of the trees have been petrified in the standing position, this location is geologically unusual.

Since this is national forest property, you’ll need a permit to take samples, but the permit is free and accessible at nearby ranger offices.

An interpretive path which is less than a mile, which highlights petrified wood stumps, is also accessible.

Pioneer Mountains (Crystal Park) – Crystals

The northwest region of Dillon, close to Polaris in the Pioneer Mountains, is the nearest place to find crystals. Crystal Park is a true Montana gem, with roughly thirty acres of gem hunting land.

This resource is available from mid-May to mid-October, and a small entrance fee of five dollars for each vehicle is charged to keep the facilities in good working order.

Quartz crystals can be transparent, purple (amethyst), brown/black (smoky), or tri-color (all three shades in one crystal) in this location.

Virginia City (Ruby Reservoir) – Garnets

Ruby Reservoir, upstream Ruby Dam close to Virginia City, has these deep red transparent gems.

When the water level is low, usually from the beginning of spring or the end of summer, it is the ideal time to rockhound.

To detach the garnets from the sand, a small mesh screen will be needed.

A gold pan, on the other hand, may be used. Strolling into the sun with your eyes fixed to the surface of the sand is a relaxing way to find garnets. Red gleams of light will draw your attention if the sun is set correctly.

Lewistown/Philipsburg/Helena – Sapphires

Yogo sapphires are Montana’s most famous gems and the state’s only commercially available naturally colored sapphires.

Although they’re often located on private claims near Lewistown, there are two great places to find them: one near Philipsburg, and the other south of Helena, northwest of Canyon Ferry Lake.

Both locations have a fee, but you can sort through natural sapphire gravel with the aid of the owner’s knowledgeable workers.

Translucent blue, green, brown, pink, and transparent would be the most common colors. The colors, on the other hand, are wonderfully amplified when heat-treated.

Wrap UP

These are just some of the many but the ideal places for rock hunting near Yellowstone National Park.

Other significant areas for gem mining near Yellowstone National Park are Gardiner, Miles City, Crane, Terry, Sydney, and Lynn, but always check if the lands are claimed and if a permit is required. Enjoy!!

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Rock Hunting Near Yellowstone National Park